Sonotrombolisis en el Ataque Cerebrovascular Isquémico: Once años de experiencia en Clínica Alemana de Santiago.

Alejandro Brunser, Arnold Hoppe, Paula Muñoz, Daniel Cárcamo, Pablo M. Lavados, Javier Gaete, Andrés Roldán, Rodrigo Rivas

Resumen


Background: Sonothrombolysis (ST) is an emerging modality for the treatment of stroke. Aim: To assess the feasibility to perform ST in a Chilean hospital. Material and methods: Patients attended at a private clinic with an acute ischemic stroke, between September 2002 and May 2013 and eligible for endovenous thrombolysis, were studied with a transcranial Doppler (Spencer PMD 100 or 150 ®). Those with an adequate sonographic window and a demonstrated arterial occlusion were monitored continuously with transcranial Doppler at the site of worst residual flow following the CLOTBUST study protocol. Results: One thousand twenty six patients were studied, of whom 136 received intravenous thrombolysis (rt-PA) and 61, aged 66 ± 18 years (59% males), were subjected to ST (7% of total). Their median National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score was 14, the lapse from symptom onset to rt-PA was 127 minutes (43-223). Middle cerebral artery (MCA) occlusion was found in 88.5% of patients. Complete recanalization was achieved in 44.3% of patients. Sixty percent had Modified Rankin Scale of 0 to 2 at 3 months (95% confidence intervals (CI) 48.1 to 72). Case fatality was 9.8% and asymptomatic intracranial hemorrhage occurred in 9.8% (95% CI: 4.3 to 20.2). Conclusions: ST can be carried out in a complex medical center and is safe.

Palabras clave


Stroke; Therapy; Thrombolytic Therapy; Ultrasonography, Doppler

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