Evaluación del minimental abreviado de la evaluación funcional del adulto mayor (EFAM) como screening para la detección de demencia en la atención primaria.

Daniel Jiménez, Manuel Lavados, Paula Rojas, Claudio Henriquez, Fernando Silva, Marta Guillon

Resumen


Background: The usefulness of the abbreviated Mini-Mental State Examination included in the Chilean Functional assessment of elderly people (MMSE-EFAM) to detect Dementia has not been determined. Aim: To assess the performance of the MMSE-EFAM to detect dementia. Material and methods: We studied a non-probabilistic sample of subjects older than 65 years who had been assessed by the MMSE-EFAM in a Chilean primary care center during a period of 6 months. Patients underwent clinical evaluation by a neurologist blinded to MMSE-EFAM score, to establish the diagnosis of dementia using DSM-IV-TR criteria. Besides, the full Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE-30) was applied. Results: The clinical diagnosis of Dementia was established in 13 of the 54 people evaluated. MMSE-EFAM had a sensitivity of 30.8% (95% confidence intervals (CI); 9-61.4) and a specificity of 90.2% (95% CI; 76.9%-97.3%), while MMSE-30 had a sensitivity of 84.6% (95% CI; 54.6-98.1) and a specificity of 58.5% (95% CI; 42.1-73.7). In a receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis, the areas under the curve (AUC) were 0.68 (95% CI; 0.53-0.83) and 0.71 (95% CI; 0.58-0.84) for MMSE-EFAM and MMSE, respectively. Socio-demographic variables did not influence test performance in both cases. Conclusions: MMSE-EFAM has a low sensitivity to detect patients with Dementia and it is not an effective screening tool. These results are in agreement with the evidence and international guidelines that do not support the use of cognitive screening tools to detect dementia in the older general population.

Palabras clave


Dementia; Mass screening; Neuropsychological Tests; Primary Health Care

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