Puntaje predictivo de emergencias médicas en un Servicio Médico Quirúrgico, usando variables clínicas y los diagnósticos de ingreso

Claudia Cofré, Gabriel Cavada, César Maquilón, Paula Daza, Ángel Vargas, Antonio Vukusich

Resumen


Background: The medical alert system (MAS) was created for the timely handling of clinical decompensations, experienced by patients hospitalized at the Medical Surgical Service (MSS) in a private clinic. It is activated by the nurse when hemodynamic, respiratory, neurological, infectious or metabolic alterations appear, when a patient falls or complains of pain. A physician assesses the patient and decides further therapy. Aim: To analyze the clinical and demographic characteristics of patients who activated or not the MAS and develop a score to identify patients who will potentially activate MAS. Material and Methods: Data from 13933 patients discharged from the clinic in a period of one year was analyzed. Results: MAS was activated by 472 patients (3.4%). Twenty two of these patients died during hospital stay compared to 68 patients who did not activate the alert (0.5%, p < 0.01). The predictive score developed considered age, diagnosis (based on the tenth international classification of diseases) and whether the patient is medical or surgical. The score ranges from 0 to 9 and a cutoff ? 6 provides a sensitivity and specificity of 37 and 81% respectively and a positive likelihood ratio (LR+) of 1.9 to predict the activation of MAS. The same cutoff value predicts death with a sensitivity and specificity of 80% and a negative predictive value of 99.8%. Conclusions: This score may be useful to identify hospitalized patients who may have complications during their hospital stay.

Palabras clave


Patients’ Rooms; Risk assessment; Hospital Rapid Response Team; Emergencies Medical Services

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