Factores que afectan al ambiente educativo en la formación preclínica de medicina según sus docentes

Guisela Olave P, Cristhian Pérez V, Eduardo Fasce H, Liliana Ortiz M, Nancy Bastías V, Carolina Márquez U, Paula Parra P, Pilar Ibañez G

Resumen


Background: Educational environment has an important effect on the quality of learning and student satisfaction in medicine. Most of previous studies have been conducted using questionnaires that assess the phenomenon considering overall dimensions, without paying attention to the specific manifestations of this topic, especially those aspects that are related to the protagonists of the learning process: teachers and students. Aim: To describe factors that affect the educational environment in the preclinical Medical formation, according to Medical teachers in Concepción, Chile. Material and methods: Qualitative study, using the Grounded theory method. Semi-structured interviews were performed to 10 medical teachers in Concepcion, Chile. They were selected by theoretical sampling. Data were analyzed using open coding. Results: Four emerging categories about the factors that affect the learning environment were identified: Personal factors of students, academic factors of students, personal factors of teachers and academic factors of teachers. Conclusions: According to interviewed teachers, both personal factors in teachers and students that promote a positive learning environment are related with an attitude oriented towards others and communication skills. Academic factors are related with the responsible exercise of student and teacher roles and with the promotion of participation in the educational process.

Palabras clave


Education, Medical; Education, Medical, Undergraduate; Mental Health; Stress, Psychological; Students, Medical

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