Evaluación de Docentes Clínicos de Postgrado: desarrollo y propiedades psicométricas del instrumento MEDUC-PG14.

Margarita Pizarro, Nancy Solís, Viviana Rojas, Luis Antonio Díaz, Oslando Padilla, Luz María Letelier, Andrés Aizman, Alberto Sarfatis, Trinidad Olivos, Alejandro Soza, Alejandro Delfino, Gonzalo Latorre, Danisa Ivanovic-Zuvic, Trinidad Hoyl, Marcela Bitran, Juan Pablo Arab, Arnoldo Riquelme

Resumen


Background: Feedback is one of the most important tools to improve teaching in medical education. Aim: To develop an instrument to assess the performance of clinical postgraduate teachers in medical specialties. Material and methods: A qualitative methodology consisting in interviews and focus-groups followed by a quantitative methodology to generate consensus, were employed. After generating the instrument, psychometric tests were performed to assess the construct validity (factor analysis) and reliability (Cronbach's alpha). Results: Experts in medical education, teachers and residents of a medical school participated in interviews and focus groups. With this information, 26 categories (79 items) were proposed and reduced to 14 items (Likert scale 1-5) by an expert’s Delphi panel, generating the MEDUC-PG14 survey, which was answered by 123 residents from different programs of medical specialties. Construct validity was carried out. Factor analysis showed three domains: Teaching and evaluation, respectful behavior towards patients and health care team, and providing feedback. The global score was 4.46±0.94 (89% of the maximum). One teachers’ strength, as evaluated by their residents was "respectful behavior" with 4.85±0.42 (97% of the maximum). ”Providing feedback" obtained 4.09 ± 1.0 points (81.8% of the maximum). MEDUC-PG14 survey had a Cronbach's alpha coefficient of 0.947. Conclusions: MEDUC-PG14 survey is a useful and reliable guide for teacher evaluation in medical specialty programs. Also provides feedback to improve educational skills of postgraduate clinical teachers.

Palabras clave


Educational measurement; Questionnaires; Specialties, medical

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