Estructura Familiar y Estado de Nutrición en Adolescentes de Sonora, México.

Cruz Mónica López-Morales, Ademir López-Valenzuela, Ricardo González-Heredia, Olga Rosa Brito-Zurita, Eusebio Rosales-Partida, Gabriel Hernando Palomares-Uribe

Resumen


Background: Feeding modes and appetence toward certain foods are usually conditioned by the family. Obesity during adolescence usually persists during adulthood. Aim: To determine differences in family structure of adolescents according to their nutritional status. Material and methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 60 overweight-obese and 60 normal weight adolescents. Family type was determined based on their conformation (kinship and cohabitation), development (if the mother had a remunerated job), demography (geographical area), integration (functions of the couple); life cycle stage and functionality. Results: Fifty eight percent of normal weight adolescents had simple nuclear families and 47% of overweight-obese adolescents had an extended family. Thirty one and 21% of overweight/obese and normal weight adolescents lived with an overweight/obese individual, respectively. Conclusions: There are differences in the family structure of overweight/obese and normal weight adolescents.

Palabras clave


Adolescent; Family relation; Obesity

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