Evaluación nutricional de escolares en una ciudad fronteriza entre Estados Unidos y México.

Mariel A Aviña-Barrera, Octelina Castillo-Ruiz, Francisco Vázquez-Nava, Adriana Perales-Torres, Sanjuana Alemán-Castillo

Resumen


Background: Undernutrition and obesity coexist among Mexican children due to poverty, sedentariness and inadequate food intake. Aim: To assess the nutritional status of school age children in a Mexican city located in the frontier with United States. Material and methods: Cross sectional assessment of children from 28 basic schools in 2005, 2008 and 2013. Using a cluster sampling methodology, 5 children per course were selected in each school, reaching a final sample 840 children aged 7 to 12 years old. Body mass index z scores were calculated. Results: The prevalence of overweight and obesity among these children was 49, 54 and 45% in the assessments performed in 2005, 2008 and 2013 respectively. Conclusions: There is a trend towards a decrease in the frequency of obesity in these children from 2005 to 2013.

Palabras clave


Child; Nutrition Assessment; Pediatric Obesity

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