Efecto de una intervención centrada en la reducción de factores de riesgo cardiovascular en estudiantes universitarios

Ana María Leiva O, María Adela Martínez S, Carlos Celis-Morales

Resumen


Background: Interventions aiming to reduce obesity and sedentary behaviors in young adults could be a feasible and effective approach to prevent cardiovascular diseases. Aim: To evaluate the effect of a lifestyle-based intervention on reducing cardiovascular risk factors in university students. Material and methods: Sixty university students aged 21 ± 1 years (n=44 females) took part on a 17 weeks lifestyle intervention consisting in education about health lifestyles and physical training, during a curricular course about health promotion and healthy lifestyles. At baseline and at the end of the intervention participants completed a lifestyles questionnaire and provided fasting blood samples to quantify glucose and lipids profile. Results: After the intervention significant reductions in the prevalence of hyperglycemia (-10.0%), high blood pressure (-16.7%) and physical inactivity (-26.7%) were observed. Moreover, a significant reduction in body weight, waist circumference, blood pressure, total cholesterol, triglycerides and an increase in HDL cholesterol were observed after intervention. Conclusions: The implementation of an intervention to promote healthy lifestyles is an effective way of reducing cardiovascular risk factors in university students.

Palabras clave


Interventions studies; Life style; Motor activity; Obesity

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