Indicadores de fragilidad en adultos mayores del sistema público de salud de la ciudad de Antofagasta 2012.

Catalina Tapia P, Yenny Valdivia Rojas, Hector Varela V, Andrés Carmona G, Verónica Iturra M, Mónica Jorquera C

Resumen


Background: Frailty is not universal among older people but increases the risk of dependence. Aim: To assess frailty among older people and its relationship with biological, psychological and social factors. Material and methods: Seven hundred fifty four older people aged 73 ± 6 years (61% females), attending a public primary care were assessed. Frailty was defined according to Fried criteria that considers inexplicable weight loss, tiredness, muscle weakness and lack of physical activity. Results: Absence of frailty, pre-frailty and frailty was found in 26, 69 and 5% of participants, respectively. Significant differences between frailty groups were observed for age, gender, years of studies, minimental and self-efficacy scores. Among participants defined as being in a pre-frail condition, 59% were non-disabled without risk and 41% non-disabled in risk, according to the functional assessment for older people used in Chilean primary care clinics. Conclusions: Frailty among older people is associated with increasing age, education, cognitive status and self-efficacy.

Palabras clave


Aged, Frail Elderly, Primary health care

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