Actividad espontánea de nociceptores cutáneos en pacientes con neuropatía de fibras delgadas.

Mario Campero, Sebastián Campero

Resumen


SPONTANEOUS ACTIVITY OF CUTANEOUS NOCICEPTORS IN PATIENTS WITH PAINFUL POLYNEUROPATHY. REPORT OF THREE PATIENTS

Painful polyneuropathy may result from selective impairment of small diameter nerve fibers, while tactile and motor functions are preserved. In these patients clinical and electrophysiological assessment is usually unrevealing. We report three patients with a pure painful polyneuropathy. One of them had neurogenic pruritus additionally. Quantitative sensory analysis disclosed a slight warm hypoalgesia (3/3) and paradoxical hot sensation (2/3) in the feet.  Intraneural recordings from the peroneal nerve demonstrated abnormal spontaneous activity in 8 of 17 nociceptive afferents. One of them displayed double firing reflecting impulse multiplication. These results support the notion that patients with pain or pruritus with a distal distribution could have small diameter afferent fiber damage, despite normal function of large diameter fibers. 


Palabras clave


Ectopic activity; Neuralgia; Nociceptors; Polyneuropaties