Validación de un cuestionario para evaluar riesgos psicosociales en el ambiente laboral en chile

Rubén Alvarado, Juan Pérez-Franco, Nadia Saavedra, Claudio Fuentealba, Alex Alarcón, Nella Marchetti, Waldo Aranda

Resumen


VALIDATION OF A QUESTIONNAIRE FOR PSYCHOSOCIAL RISK ASSESSMENT IN THE WORKPLACE IN CHILE

Background: The measurement of psychosocial risk among workers is becoming increasingly important. Aim: To adapt, validate and standardize a questionnaire to measure psychosocial risks in the workplace. Material and methods: The Spanish version of the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire was adapted and evaluated.  Its contents were first validated with a panel of experts. Afterwards a semantic adaptation of the questionnaires was carried out applying it to a pilot sample. Finally, it was applied to 1,557 workers (65% men). Results: A preliminary questionnaire containing 97 questions was constructed. A good item – test correlation was found, the factorial structure was similar to the original questionnaire and it had a good internal consistency, convergent validity with the   Goldberg Health Questionnaire and test - retest correlation. Ranges for the different dimensions and sub-dimensions of psychosocial risk were calculated by tertiles. Conclusions: The resulting questionnaire is useful for measuring psychosocial risk factors at work, with good psychometric properties. 


Palabras clave


Occupational Health; Psychosocial factors; Questionnaires