Factores de riesgo asociados a síntomas depresivos post parto en mujeres de bajo riesgo obstétrico atendidas en el sistema público

Angelina Dois, Claudia Uribe, Luis Villarroel, Aixa Contreras

Resumen


RISK FACTORS FOR POST PARTUM DEPRESSION

Background: Postpartum depression (PPD) is a public health problem with high prevalence in Chile. Many factors are associated with PPD. Aim:  To analyze the factors associated with the incidence of depressive symptoms (SD) in women with low obstetric risk. Material and methods: Cross-sectional analytical study on a sample of 105 postpartum women with low obstetric risk assessed by the Edinburgh Depression Scale at the eighth week postpartum. Results: A 37% prevalence of depressive symptoms was found. Univariate analysis showed that the perception of family functioning, overcrowding and number of siblings, were significantly associated with postpartum depressive symptoms. A multiple regression model only accepted family functioning as a predictor of depression. Conclusions: Perception of family functioning was the only variable that explained in part the presence of depressive symptoms in women with low obstetric risk.


Palabras clave


Depression; Life style; Low obstetric risk; Post partum period