Daño vascular asociado a uso de cocaína. Caso clínico

Teresa Massardo, Angela Pino, Isabel Berrocal, Gabriel Castro, Hernán Prat, Jaime Pereira

Resumen


COCAINE-INDUCED VASCULAR DAMAGE. REPORT OF ONE CASE

Cocaine abuse is associated with an increased risk of cardiac and cerebrovascular events, such as myocardial infarction, sudden cardiac death, and ischemic stroke. The underlying mechanisms leading to these complications are not fully understood although intravascular thrombus formation and accelerated atherosclerosis are prominent findings. We report a 39 years old male addicted to cocaine, who presented with three consecutive ischemic events characterized by an acute myocardial infarction and two ischemic strokes complicated by cardiac failure and severe neurological sequelae. The pathophysiology of cocaine-induce vascular damage and the management of the ischemic complications are discussed. 


Palabras clave


Cocaine; Endothelium, vascular; Myocardial infarction