Trombosis venosa mayor asociada a catéter de hipotermia terapéutica en un paciente con paro cardiorrespiratorio recuperado: Reporte de un Caso y Revisión de la Literatura

Jaime Retamal, Jean Bachler, Ricardo Mejía, Orlando Concha, Max Andresen

Resumen


To improve survival and reduce neurological injury, the use of mild hypothermia following cardiac arrest has been recommended.  We report a 65 years old woman who presented an out-of-hospital ventricular fibrillation and cardiac arrest. The patient was comatose following initial resuscitation and was admitted into the ICU, where cooling was initiated using an intravascular catheter. After 48 hours, rewarming was initiated. Although no neurological impairment was observed, physical examination of the right inguinal area and echo-Doppler examination revealed an extensive catheter-related thrombophlebitis with right ileocaval vein occlusion., with high  risk of masive and life threatening pulmonary embolism. We report a clinical  case and  review the literature to point out the need for a high index of diagnostic suspicion of  DVT in these specific setting.



Palabras clave


Catheters; Hypothermia; Venous thrombosis