MALESTAR PSICOFISIOLÓGICO EN PROFESIONALES DE LA SALUD PÚBLICA DE LA REGIÓN METROPOLITANA .

Elisa Ansoleaga Moreno, Juan Pablo Toro Cifuentes, Lorena Godoy Catalán, Antonio Stecher Guzmán, Josep Blanch Ribas

Resumen


Background: The  public health reform in Chile resulted in changes in  working conditions and organization of  health centers. Aim: To examine the  presence of psychophysiological symptoms in professionals of public hospitals in the Metropolitan region and their association with current working conditions. Material and methods: A questionnaire of quality of working life was applied to a sample of 80 physicians  and 110 nurses. The questionnaire considers scales and open questions.  Results: Nurses had a higher level of discomfort than physicians (p < 0.01) and had significantly higher scores  for  emotional distress, physical fatigue, digestive disorders, headache, insomnia, back pain  and muscle tension (p < 0.01). There were statistically significant negative correlations between psychophysiological distress and working conditions (r= -0.418), social climate (r=-0.395), satisfaction with the organization (r=-0.337) and psychosocial well-being (r= -0.267). A regression model showed that 21% of the variance in psychophysiological distress was explained by working conditions, psychosocial well-being and adaptation to the organization. Conclusions: There is a relationship between the high prevalence of psychophysiological symptoms and bad working conditions of public health professionals. 

 


Palabras clave


Psychology, social; Sociology; Women, working